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Karystos (like Chalcis in Euboea and Central Velar North) is the city that represents the southern part of the island. It is one of the most ancient Greek cities and the course of history characterized by a great variety and multitude of events.
For the origin of the name of Karystos there are several versions. According to one of them called due to the many walnut and chestnut, forming forests on the slopes of Ochi. According to another version of the name comes from Karystos, son of the Centaur Chiron and Chariklo or son of Saturn and Philyra. "Karystos, is a city in the mount of Evia from the Chiron Karystos" says Stefan characteristics. Byzantium. Karystos also had other names. Chironia-called gesture by the Centaur Chiron or cheironio medicinal herb, which grows in the region. Also called goat by countless herds of goats (goats) to graze on the slopes or the usually foaming waves of the Aegean, which look like "a herd of goats (hence littoral).
The citadel of Karystos called Achaia, and the daughter of the god of the North or one of the three heroines, who came to Delos from the north. For the name "Achaia" archaeologists determine that from the existence of many waters. The Indo-European root "CBA = water 'reveals the names of sources or rivers. (Acheron, Achelous, Aheloy, Achaia, Achaia, etc..). During the early Bronze Age (2900-1900 BC) lived in Evia Pelasgians, who were later expelled from Driopes.
The Dryopes, ruthless and barbaric tribe, settled in the southern part of Evia, forced by the Dorians when they were expelled from parts of Thessaly (the current region of Trikala).
     
    
There are Dryopes either expelling or merging with Pelasgians founded cities such as Karystos, Styra, the Distos the Platanistos etc. The Dryopes continued to reside in South Evia after the arrival of the Ionian island. Karystos even in Styra, as we said Stavon settlers came from Tetrapolis Marathon and the Steirieis of Attica, who were also Dryopes. Most ancient writers sometimes referred to Karystos. Homer, Strabo, Nonnus, the cub of Chios, the Meletios, Antigonus the Karystion are some of them. The green marble and wheat spread its fame Karystos in antiquity. Despite the strong growth seen in Karystos in antiquity, not mentioned anywhere

colonies, like Eretria and Chalcis.
The Argonauts took part Karystion the astronomer and navigator Nauplius, thitefontas for some time as governor of the legendary ship "Argo".
Homer says the Karystos, like all the Evian cities took part in the Argonaut expedition led by the brave king of Chalcis Elifinora Chalkodontiadi. After the Trojan War Karystos is still a great naval and commercial power. The port and the Geraistios this is the most important at the time.
    
    

In 630 BC The Laodamas or Leodamas, the royal family of the Nile Miletus took caustic and sold its inhabitants as slaves. With the feat he managed to get the power of Miletus. He even son with a Karystos, who became the founder Evangelidis. Taking into account that the Milesians were allies of Eretria, we have the event that we conclude, that Káristos was on the side of Chalkis during Lilantion war. According to the historical controversy between the Milesians, who were Ionians and Karystia, who were Dorians, due to a conflict of commercial interests between the two maritime nations. In Karystos seniority held great feasts were panefvoiko character.
Such was the Aristonikeia, the Dionysia, the Dimitreia, the Amarynthos (committed in Amarynthos and Karystos) Geraistios and the Aegean.
Until the Persian wars Karystos not involved in the events that occurred in Evia. During the Persian Wars Karystos stance while in office was apophatic the requirements of the Persians later seems narrower interests prompted the city to accept the Persian terms. During the first expedition of the Persians, the city was conquered by the Persians, who settled after garrison sailed to Eretria. After the defeat at Marathon, the Persians have forgotten to take the Persian garrison Karystos so that the Persians and the remaining few who Karystos "emidisan, to flee to the east of Ochi to avoid tinorgi of Themistocles, who sailed for Karystos to punish the Persians and their allies.
    

According to Pausanias the Karystos, in memory of the resistance dedicated at Delphi a bronze bull to denote the free cultivation of their fields.
    
During the second expedition of Xerxes against Greece in 480 BC, Karystos midisan and became allies, offering "land and water" in Persian preachers. The reasoning behind this decision was the preference had to be under Allied control despite long housed the Persian side of Athens located, betting of course the defeat of the latter. The alliance with the Persians led to the decision shall be only between Evia, which took part in the naval battle of Salamis, enhancing their ships the enemy fleet. "Only the gar Karystos other Euboeans ypikouon, Is not the Athenians' writes Thucydides.

There is also the version that the betrayal of Thermopylae was the Karystion Oniti of

Fanagorou. But this version should be non-existent since it is well known that the betrayal was the Trachinio nightmare.
The attitude is that the paid Karystos hardness. Themistocles took Karystos the plundered and punished with a very heavy fine. In this war did not take part in other cities of Euboea. The Karystos continued to be the only ones of Evia, which is not part of the Athenian alliance, having several confrontations with the Athenians. When the Athenians took the island of Skyros, Kimon campaigned against Karystos and after a long siege and many battles to subdued and forced to join the Athenian alliance, and paying a heavy fine and "hosting" 1000 Athenians. From this period (about 445p.Ch) Karystos, which then broke up its own currency, forced as Evian and other cities, using the currency of Athens.
    

The Karystos this period participate in any war of Athens until 412 BC so after the defeat of Athens by the Lacedaemonians in Eretria, defected from the Athenian alliance with all the Evian cities (except Oreos). In 405 BC to "Aegospotami" along with Eretria Karystos contribute to the defeat of Athens by the Lacedaemonians of Lysander.

After the victory of the Spartans Evian cities included in the influence of Sparta. The regime is totalitarian oppression and quickly leads Evia Mavericks again by the new alliance. For a few years Karystos remain independent until 395 BC so part of the Second Athenian League. After the victory of the Macedonians, the fate of Karystos is the same as other cities of Euboea. However after the death of Alexander Karystos is the only city on the island of Evia, which is in the Athenians against the Macedonians. It follows a turbulent period of military events in which the protagonist Káristos and bears the brunt of successive conquerors passing through its territory. The same scene continues after the advent of the Romans in the historical spotlight.
    

In 200 BC Karystos conquered by the Roman fleet of Claudius Cato, and after the destruction of Eretria in 198 BC is occupied by the Romans and looting, rhodium and parchment allies. In subsequent years there Káristos only wounds the raids, but also those made by the plague, which struck across the island of Evia (and the then known world).

During the wars Mithridatikous accept the army, allegedly as a liberator of Greece, Mithridates, and rebels against Sulla Romaion.O subordinates but again Evia evicting Mithridates.

Since Karystos finally reaches of the Roman occupation. Slowly - slowly and in spite of oppression begins to grow economically. The port becomes again busy in the past and its relationship with the Romans leveled it seems the resolutions sent to the Roman emperors, and especially to Adrian. 
 

 

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